Chandrayaan-2’s Vikram lander is ready to land on the lunar surface in the early hours of Saturday. People of the country and the world are waiting impatiently to witness this ‘soft landing’ on the intervening night of Friday-Saturday.
If this soft landing of Vikram Lander is successful, after Russia, America, and China, India will become the fourth country in the world to meet such an achievement. With this, India will also become the first country in the world to reach the South Pole of the Moon.
The Vikram lander will start moving downwards to land on the moon between one and two o’clock in the morning of Saturday and it will land in the South Pole region of the Earth’s satellite between one and a half to two and a half hours.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself will be present at ISRO’s Bengaluru center to see this moment. Along with them, there will be 60-70 school children who will be present here to watch the live telecast of the landing through quiz competition from across the country.
Preparing to land on the moon
India’s first moon lander Vikram is ready to land on the moon on September 7 as soon as ISRO’s second de-orbital operation succeeds on Wednesday. According to Indian Space Agency ISRO, Vikram’s second de-orbital operation started at 3.42 am on Wednesday using the onboard operating system and was completed in nine seconds.
The hover of Vikram Lander is 35 km by 101 km. ISRO said that with this movement, the hover expected to land outwardly of Vikram’s moon has been gotten. As shown by ISRO, Vikram will touch base on the south post of the moon between 7:30 AM and 2:30 AM on September 7.
As soon as Vikram lands on the moon, the rover lander will come out of it and start research, for which it has been made. ISRO said that the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter is moving around the moon in its current 96 km by 125 km orbit and that both the orbiter and the lander are doing the right thing.
Vikram was separated from Chandrayaan-2 on Monday afternoon. Under India’s total project of Rs 978 crore, Chandrayaan-2 was launched on 22 July via heavy rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark 3 (GSLV-MK3).
Chandrayaan-2 lander Vikram will land on the south pole of the moon between 1.30 am and 2.30 pm Friday-Saturday. Rover Pragyan from Vikram will come out between 5.30 to 6.30 in the morning. In the last hours of the mission, the ISRO Chief K Sivan said that so far everything is going according to plan. ISRO scientists said that this is such a mission as to keep a child in a cradle.
PM Narendra Modi himself will be available at ISRO central command to observe this memorable minute. He will likewise be joined by 60 youngsters who won the science test a month ago.
The Prime Minister has spoken to the individuals to share photos of this minute via web-based networking media. The mission will be webcast on ISRO’s site at 1.10 pm. Aside from this, it will be spilled live on Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube. PM Narendra Modi himself will be available at ISRO central command to observe this notable minute. He will likewise be joined by 60 kids who won the science test a month ago.
The Prime Minister has spoken to the individuals to share photos of this minute via web-based networking media. The mission will be webcast on ISRO’s site at 1.10 pm. Aside from this, it will be live spilling on Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube.
Pragyan will do many experiments on a lunar day
Pragyan will do numerous investigations on the lunar surface in one lunar day (one day of the moon). One day of the moon is equivalent to 14 days on Earth. The orbiter, circling the moon, will keep on taking a shot at the mission for one year. On the off chance that the lander Vikram arrives on such a surface of the moon, where there is a slant of in excess of 12 degrees, at that point, there will be a danger of it turning around.
‘Speed of lander will be low and reach the right place and make soft landing’
According to former ISRO chief G Madhavan Nair – Vikram onboard cameras will determine the exact location. When the place matches, the speed of the 5 rocket engines installed in it will be reduced from 6 thousand km per hour. The lander will float in the air for some time at the appointed place and take off slowly. Altitude sensors will also help for the landing of the lander.
How long will it take to remove the rover from the lander?
The rover (wisdom) will remain inside the lander. It will exit the lander at a speed of 1 centimeter/second. It will take 4 hours to leave. After coming out it will run 500 meters on the lunar surface. It will work on the Moon for 1 day (14 days of Earth). There are 2 payloads going with it. Their purpose will be to find out the presence of elements near the landing site and the fundamental structure of the rocks and soil of the moon. The rover will collect this data through the payload and send it to the lander, after which the lender will pass this data to ISRO.
What work will the orbiter, lander, and rover do?
The orbiter will labor for one year in the wake of arriving at the moon’s circle. Its fundamental reason for existing is to convey between the earth and the lander. What’s more, the orbiter will set up a guide of the lunar surface, with the goal that the presence and improvement of the moon can be discovered. The lender will check whether tremors happen on the moon. While the meanderer will distinguish the nearness of mineral components on the lunar surface.